Net imports of energy stood at 9.5 mln tonnes in 2006, which is equivalent to 46.2% energy dependence. This is below the average for the EU (53.8%).
Energy consumption in the EU stood at 1.825 million tonnes of oil equivalent in 2006, almost unchanged from previous periods.
At the same time, energy production decreased by 2.3% to 871 mln tonnes of oil equivalent.
In order to compensate this decline in production, imports rose 2.4%.
The energy dependence of EU countries increased to 54% in 2006, compared with 53% in 2005.
Energy production declined by 9% between 1997 and 2006, while consumption increased by 7%. Net imports of energy are up 29%.
Back in 1997, by comparison, the energy dependence of EU countries was 45%.
The EU countries with highest energy dependence are Cyprus, Malta, Luxembourg and Ireland, the Eurostat survey shows.
Energy consumption in Finland has increased the most during 2006, by 9.1%. Malta saw the smallest hike (6.4%).
The countries less dependent on energy imports are Poland, Great Britain, the Czech Republic and Romania.
Nuclear power and solid fuels made up half of EU 27 energy production.